Namib Desert is a coastal desert stretching along the Atlantic coasts of Angola, Namibia and South Africa. It is thought to be the oldest desert in the world, containing some of the world's driest regions.
The name Namib is of Khoekhoegowab origin and means "vast place". Having endured arid or semi-arid conditions for roughly 55–80 million years, the Namib may be the oldest desert in the world. The desert geology consists of sand seas near the coast, while gravel plains and scattered mountain outcrops occur further inland. The Namib is almost completely uninhabited by humans except for several small settlements and indigenous pastoral groups.
Owing to its antiquity, the Namib may be home to more endemic species than any other desert in the world. A number of animals and plants have adapted to life here, including the mountain zebra (Equus zebra), gemsbok (Oryx Gazella), short-eared elephant shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus), Grant's golden mole (Eremitalpa granti), Karoo bustard (Eupodotis vigorsii) and Peringuey's adder (Bitis peringueyi).